Researchers are making progress to tuning and creating strained graphene the place they need. This may result in valleytronics and ultratiny free electron lasers and different purposes. Strained graphene can create pseudo magnetic fields of 25,000 tesla. This is about 1000 occasions greater than the magnetic fields from superconducting magnets. Electronics and spintronics have their strengths and weaknesses relating to establishing the on-off states which might be so essential for digital logic. Valleytronics supply one other diploma of freedom in electrons that avoids weaknesses of electronics and spintronics and maximizes the strengths. Valleytronics makes use of the vitality degree in relation to their

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