Today, we’re releasing the most recent model of our Transparency Report regarding authorities requests for person information. This contains authorities requests for person information in prison instances, in addition to nationwide safety issues beneath U.S. legislation. Google fought for the suitable to publish this data in courtroom and earlier than Congress, and we proceed to imagine that any such transparency can inform the broader debate concerning the nature and scope of presidency surveillance legal guidelines and applications.
In the primary half of 2017, worldwide, we obtained 48,941 authorities requests that relate to 83,345 accounts. You can see extra detailed figures, together with a country-by-country breakdown of requests, right here. We’ve additionally posted up to date figures for the variety of customers/accounts impacted by Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) requests for content material in earlier reporting durations. While the whole variety of FISA content material requests was reported precisely, we inadvertently under-reported the person/account figures in some reporting durations and over-reported the person/account figures within the second half of 2010. The corrected figures are within the newest report and mirrored on our seen adjustments web page.
Updating Electronic Privacy Laws
We are publishing the most recent replace to our Transparency Report because the U.S. Congress embarks upon an essential debate regarding the nature and scope of key FISA provisions. Section 702 of the FISA Amendments Act of 2008 expires on the finish of 2017. This is the section of FISA that authorizes the U.S. authorities to compel service suppliers like Google to reveal person information (together with communications content material) about non-U.S. individuals with a purpose to purchase “overseas intelligence data.”
Earlier this yr, we expressed help for particular reforms to Section 702. We proceed to imagine that Congress can enact reforms to Section 702 in a method that enhances privateness safety for web customers whereas defending nationwide safety. Independent our bodies have concluded that Section 702 is effective and efficient in defending nationwide safety and producing helpful overseas intelligence. These assessments, nonetheless, don’t preclude reforms that enhance privateness protections for U.S. and non-U.S. individuals and that don’t disturb the core functions of Section 702.
Government entry legal guidelines are due for a basic realignment and replace in gentle of the proliferation of know-how, the very actual safety threats to individuals, and the expectations of privateness that Internet customers have of their communications. Our General Counsel, Kent Walker, delivered a speech earlier this yr calling for a brand new framework to deal with cross-border legislation enforcement requests. Updates to the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) will likely be essential to create a authorized framework that addresses each legislation enforcement and civil liberties considerations.
The latest introduction of the International Communications Privacy Act (ICPA) within the Senate and the House is a major step in the suitable route, and we applaud Senators Hatch, Coons, and Heller and Representatives Collins, Jeffries, Issa, and DeBene for his or her management on this essential invoice. ECPA also needs to be up to date to allow nations that decide to baseline privateness, due course of, and human rights rules to make direct requests to U.S. suppliers. Providing a pathway for such nations to acquire digital proof straight from service suppliers in different jurisdictions will take away incentives for the unilateral, extraterritorial assertion of a rustic’s legal guidelines, information localization proposals, aggressive growth of presidency entry authorities, and harmful investigative methods. These measures finally weaken privateness, due course of, and human rights requirements.
We sit up for persevering with within the constructive dialogue about these points.
This article sources data from The Keyword